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Population / food / health

China's food security

European rural development

Regional development

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Working papers

Chinas Aufstieg zur wirtschaftlichen und politischen Weltmacht.
Heilig, Gerhard. K. (2005)
Dieser Aufstatz gibt einen Überblick über Chinas Aufstieg zur wirtschaftlichen und politischen Weltmacht. In einem Rückblick auf die Zeit zwischen 1949 und 1977 wird zunächst dargestellt, dass sich China während der Mao-Zeit kaum entwickeln konnte. Erst durch die Reformen Deng Xiaopings kam es zu einem nachhaltigen Aufschwung. Anhand verschiedener Statistiken dokumentiert der Aufsatz Chinas Wirtschaftskraft und Lebensstandard im Vergleich zu anderen Ländern. Dabei werden auch die Provinzen Chinas in die Analyse mit einbezogen. In einem dritten Abschnitt geht es um die erheblichen Risiken und Probleme, die Chinas weiteren wirtschaftlichen und politischen Aufstieg bremsen oder gar abbrechen könnten. Schliesslich werden fünf Szenarien einer küftigen Entwicklung Chinas skizziert.  More ...

Poverty Alleviation in China. A Lesson for the Developing World?
Heilig, Gerhard K. / Zhang, Ming / Long, Hualou / Li, Xiubin / Wu, Xiuqin (2005)
The paper shows that China has reduced the number of poor people by between 80 and 250 million since 1978 - depending on the definition of the poverty line. This spectacular poverty reduction was mainly achieved through economic growth. The authors then analyze the still remaining poverty in China by using new economic, social, demographic and geophysical statistics for the so-called "poverty counties" of China's official poverty alleviation program. They indicate that China's remaining poverty is related to topographic, geographic, and ethnic factors. Finally, the paper suggests a new definition of poverty that would distinguish (1) poverty related to system failure; (2) poverty related to unfavorable regional conditions; and (3) poverty related to distributional distortions or failures. Following this definition, poverty alleviation programs in developing countries would become more effective. More ...

Sustainable Regional and Rural Development in China: Where Do We Stand?
Heilig, Gerhard K. (2003)
In this IIASA Interim Report the author gives a short review of the current state of regional and rural development research in China, reflecting the international English-language literature. He aims to identify deficiencies and gaps in our knowledge. The paper should help to focus regional research in China on issues that are politically relevant. More ...

Landscapes and Rural Development in Europe.
Heilig, Gerhard K. (2002)
This paper questions the widespread assumption that Europe's rural landscapes are predominantly shaped by agriculture and forestry. It provides examples which show that many rural areas are providing vital functions for urban areas and are intensely used by industrial as well as service sectors. Urban lifestyles and  trends in industrial and service sectors may be at least as important for rural landscapes than the development of agriculture or forestry. More ...

Copyright © 2012 by Gerhard K. Heilig. All rights reserved.

Updated: 9 October 2013